Testicular cancer occurs when cells in the testicle grow in an abnormal way and form a tumour.
Testicular cancer is now the most common form of cancer in younger men occurring mostly in those aged between 15 and 40, however it is still relatively rare. Testicular cancer is also one of the most curable cancers. Over 90% of patients make a full recovery when the disease is caught at an early stage.
Symptoms of testicular cancer may include:
- Painless lump or swelling on either testicle
- Pain or discomfort, with or without swelling, in a testicle or the scrotum
- Change in the way a testicle feels or a feeling of heaviness in the scrotum
- Dull ache in the lower abdomen or groin
- A sudden build-up of fluid in the scrotum
You will need a full physical examination when diagnosing or ruling out testicular cancer. Tests you might have include an ultrasound, CT scan, urine and blood tests.
If testicular cancer is diagnosed and it has not spread beyond the testicle, surgery to remove the testicle may be the only treatment required. The type of treatment you receive will depend on how far the cancer has spread, your age and general health. Additional treatments such as radiotherapy or chemotherapy may also be required.